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Tips to Photographing Birds

photographing-birdsPhotography is a various world and nobody can work in every last segment of photography and thus there is dependably a requirement for understanding what you really cherish. No picture taker has practical experience in every single territory of photography and along these lines all you need is to get hold of an accomplished proficient or go for the natural life photography courses led by the foundations to appreciate your adoration. Feathered creature photography is a known region where a large portion of the seeking picture takers need to make their vocation, yet on the other hand it is a testing territory and therefore requires working with expert to comprehend the vital angles which make a decent picture taker.

Taking after are a portion of the essentials of feathered creature photography that will make you an extraordinary picture taker in your future. In the event that you surmise that exclusive costly focal points can make you an extraordinary picture taker, then you are incorrect, as here are a portion of the indispensable components of photography.

  • Direction and quality of light
  • In-depth knowledge on bird and also their activities
  • Composition
  • Proper exposure
  • Proper settings

Light:

Quality of light is the key to getting great pictures. There is always a need to understand the characters of light in order to acquire wonderful photographs. Though you can set out for a walk with your weapon as per your preferable time, it is generally said, late noon and early morning is the best time to acquire some of the stunning photographs. This is mostly observed in a bird photography workshop. Not only the quality of light is very soft, but also early in the morning, birds tend to stay very active.

Are you thinking why only soft light? It is because:

  • It normally focuses directly on the bird’s eye
  • No chances of casting harsh shadows on your camera and the bird
  • Gives glow on the plumage of the bird.

This is the reason why most of the renowned bird photographers opt for soft light to get the best photographs that show the world some of the wonderful pictures.

Take The Viewers Into The Mesmerizing World Of Birds:

Humans’ world is way different than birds, as for us; we watch our surrounding at a height of 5 to 6 inches, whereas for birds it is just a few inches to hardly a few feet. In order to take your viewers to their world, you have to get down to a definite level and show some of the incredible pictures through your lenses.

Since there is always a need for understanding the tactics of bird photography, nothing like working with the experts of photography school prove to be a valuable choice. They serve you better by letting you know all the tactics. One of the most vital aspects of capturing some fantastic moments of the different bird species is shooting from their eye level. It is hard, but it is highly rewarding.

Fill The Surrounding:

As your prime focus is to get the viewers an insight into birds’ life and their impeccable features and looks, you require showing their details. Like us, you cannot tell birds to stand at a perfect place with a proper surrounding, and hence you always need to fill the entire frame in order to drag the entire focus on the features of the bird.

Here are the advantages of filling the surrounding:

  • Keeps the entire focus on the bird
  • Makes the features even sharper
  • No obstruction or distraction

Try Photographing The Wonderful Flight:

The only thing that differentiates birds from other living creatures is their mesmerizing flight. Being a beginner, it is not possible to capture the flight in the right time. It comes with practice and by understanding the behavioral aspect of the bird. Once you get to know it and become a pro in using the lenses, you can definitely become a pro in capturing a magnificent flight to wow the viewers.

Capture Their Unique Behavior:

Not only video can show the behavior of these living creatures, but photographs can also do it easily. As the viewers are more interested in understanding the behavioral aspects, when you start capturing their behaviors, you start getting much more appreciations than others.

Focus and commitment is the key to master the techniques of bird photography. When you are extremely passionate and have the urge to become someone known make sure you become adept in photography techniques. You can also opt for the bird photography workshop conducted by the known schools to understand the most focused features.

How Photographing Fireworks?

photographing-fireworksHow would you photo a blast? Indeed, with regards to a firecrackers appear, it takes a lot of arranging and reckoning of what you will require. Notwithstanding the way that a firecrackers show is a preplanned occasion, that staggering minute when the firecrackers detonate in the sky is still a brief instant when everything needs to work ideal for you to get the ideal photo.

Presently clearly, there are some gear issues that must be set up to have your camera set up and prepared as well as at the correct settings to catch that minute when all grandness cuts free in the sky. So from a hardware point of view…

– A tripod. The activity of the fireworks is so dramatic that unless you stabilize your camera, the shot will be blurred and unacceptable to you and to whoever you may wish to sell it to. The tripod should be easily transportable and adjustable so you can make adjustments on the fly.

– A shutter release that functions externally.

– Equipment to work at night as that is when your subject is going to occur. You can get a head mounted flashlight at any camping store so you can direct the light at the camera and still have both hands free to handle your equipment.

– A portable chair as there will be some waiting. Anything else that will help you ride out the wait such as food, water, music etc. should also be part of your preparations.

Because the fireworks explosion is sudden and fast, you need to be able to adjust the shutter speed and have the camera set up to react to manual focus so you can use your eyes and ears to know exactly when to snap that shot.

The key to a great or a series of great fireworks photographs is location. You want a location that has an outstanding vantage point view of the piece of sky where the most action will take place. This means you may need to take a position on a bridge, on top of a building or on a hill away from the crowds that come to see the show. This is not going to be easy to find so start early. It is not out of line to “scope out” your location days in advance and arrive hours in advance to secure that spot as yours.

Experience is going to be one of your best teachers as to not only the right location but how to set your camera focus and shutter speeds and how to position the view from the secured location so you can capture the rocket at the moment of explosion. So find ways to do some practice shoots at other fireworks displays before you set out to do the “keeper” shot. Many times minor league baseball clubs have fireworks shows and they would happily let you take photographs of the show in exchange for a few free shots. Here you can experiment with your experiment and get your bearings before setting up for a larger show.

Once the show gets underway, anticipate the explosion that you want to capture. Don’t snap the first five minutes of the show but use that time to confirm that you have the right sky location scouted. The best times to capture the shot are right before the explosion which you can time by the sound of the rocket going up and the expected time before eruption.

With some experience you will get your sixth sense about where and when to snap that perfect photo and when you are done, you will have some spectacular shots to include with your portfolio or to display proudly. And this will lead to even more work photographing explosions in the sky.

Taking The Perfect Photography Lighting

perfect-photography-lightingOne of the most serious issues that numerous individuals have when they learn photography is the manner by which to settle the photography lighting legitimately. Individuals that never learned legitimate photography lighting regularly think that its hard to locate the right mix of light to upgrade the look of their photos. Albeit numerous sorts of cameras have light channels and consequently setting flashes, to truly get the best photos, the individual must have the capacity to control the lighting themselves.

Distinctive Types of Photography Lighting

Pass on, the best kind of photography lighting is characteristic light. The light from the sun or the moon can enlighten the protest of the photo so as to make them show up smoother and milder.

Coordinate daylight is a portion of the brightest photography lighting accessible and makes idealize shadows for the foundations of the photos. Characteristic light is likewise utilized as photography lighting inside, by taking the photos close windows and other splendidly lit ranges.

There are many other types of photography lighting that can be used by someone that is interested in taking excellent photographs. Many photographers choose to use directional lighting, which can be placed anywhere around the subject to illuminate them in a specific way by using artificial lights such as flashes or tungsten halogen lamps.

Using a combination of lights to create shadows or focus on a particular area of the image, the person can obtain creative images by changing the direction of the photography lighting.

How to Learn Proper Photography Lighting

Most photographers learn the techniques of photography lighting by trial and error. Different combinations result in different types of illumination and shadows, so it is important for the photographer to find a lighting technique that they like. This method is the least expensive way of learning photography lighting.

Some cameras have different lighting functions that can be used for different situations so that the photographer does not have to worry about setting the lighting each time. This helps create the perfect lighting for different photographs without using additional flashes or lighting equipment.

The direction that the photography lighting is facing is just as important and should be modified to place the subject in the best light possible. When taking portrait photographs, lighting should be at the back of the subject to soften the facial features and hide any minor imperfections in the skin.

Wildlife Photographs Tips

Have you ever endeavored to catch photos of untamed life and simply wound up getting photos of the tree or shakes that the creature vanished behind?

Natural life photography wouldn’t be an irritating thing, on the off chance that you take after these tips. Observe these top tips by Sam Crawford for natural life photography.

Pick Your Subjects

The primary concern to do when participating in untamed life photography is to pick the creatures you wish to take pictures of. This is significant since you can take in an extraordinary arrangement about them before setting out on the mission to get their photos.

Find Some Basic Info On The Animals

Do a quick research at a library or on the web to find the time length at which the creatures you’re quick to catch are well on the way to be obvious and dynamic. For example, if you have to catch pictures of deer, you would favor not to go out late evening since this is not when they’re walking around searching for nourishment. If you have to catch photographs of deer you have to hunt down them in the early morning hours or at the early night hours.

Become Perfect In Carrying Your Camera

Achievement in wildlife photography can be extraordinarily affected by the knowledge of how to alter the settings of your camera for different light conditions and moving subjects. If you own a camera that comes with automatic adjustments, then you need to ensure that it functions properly with quick moving animals by capturing pictures of moving things around you, for example, an active child or a moving car. When you know how your camera reacts to differing circumstances in lighting and development you can be sure that you can catch that photo of wildlife which you’ve been looking for.

Have Tons Of Patience

Quite often, wild animals will turn out from their hideouts when you are busy with different other exercises, for example, when you are enjoying a picnic in the forested areas. In this way, if wildlife photography appears to be tricky and testing, it’s an amazing idea to get a blanket, food, and move into the forested areas for some relaxing time while you stick around for that opportunity when the wild animals appear and you capture their most realistic pictures easily.

Go Near Water And At A Place Where People Are Not Present

You need to remember two things which are genuinely steady when it’s about wildlife photography. Wild animals don’t tend to turn out when many individuals are causing disturbances, and they need to drink water just like us. This implies that you need to get a better idea about the surroundings and head to areas where a lake or river is. Ensure that not many individuals are sticking around in that area.

 

Black & White Photography

It’s very hard to locate a person who loathes photographs. Practically everyone is pulled in by the photos of people, nature and untamed life. With the landing of cutting edge advanced cameras, right now it has turned out to be very easy to discover astonishing minutes for eternity.

In the early stages, Black and White photography was the main system to get pictures. Experimentation with shading photography started around 1860s. Display day shading photography progressed gradually.

Be that as it may, it’s irrational to imagine that shading photography has straightforward supplanted highly contrasting photography. Highly contrasting photos still have an enormous fan taking after and are utilized for different purposes. There’s not really a possibility that they will vanish sooner rather than later. This is essentially on the grounds that dark and white pictures exhibit a totally extraordinary kind of sentiments and feelings which pulls in individuals amazingly.

These photographs have a creative and imaginative look that pulls in people. Shading photographs are regularly only a reflect duplicates of the subjects and environment. Be that as it may, when it’s about showcasing considerations and thoughts, a perspective or an inclination, numerous picture takers run with dark and white pictures.

Photography – A Fruitful Hobby

Get some information about common hobbies of people around you and most of them would answer that they prefer photography over doing anything else. There’s no doubt that it is an intriguing, testing and rewarding hobby! Nowadays, you’ll find the majority of people carrying camera with them during celebrations, family functions, social events or while travelling.

What’s more, the reason is quite simple. Pictures allow you to cherish old memories. When you go through the pages of a family album, you visit the time when the snaps were taken in your mind. Some of memories connected with the photos come in mind. The individual must be stone-hearted who doesn’t become a bit emotional while seeing old family photos.

Black and white photographs have the power to make a person nostalgic. The impact of light and shadow becomes noticeable in bicolour photography. Many people think that portraits look extraordinary in black & white. Emotions and expressions are captured perfectly in these types of photos. It is also said that black and white photographs express tears in a better way!

In travel and wildlife photography, black & white pictures have their own value. Wild life photography and travel photography captured in black & white pictures are widely appreciated and accepted all over the world. Cameras which are suitable for black & white photography are carried by travel photographers and photojournalists in order to click some of the most mesmerising images in amazing shades of black, grey and white.

 

Know These Elements of Photography

The most crucial selections of picture takers are to hone their capacity must take is picking a right photography course. In the event that you’re one of them, we suggest that you think of it as opposed to ‘just tolerating conditions for what they are’ and picking discretionarily. Clearly, it’s a given that you ought to starting now have an unmistakable thought in regards to what sort of photography you have to look for after. On the off chance that you’re a customary voyager charmed by taking better photos of your trips or you’re completely serious about transforming into a full-time travel picture taker, you ought to really take up a workshop focusing on travel photography. If you are up ’til now ‘winding up’ as a picture taker and haven’t engaged in on a corner, picking a photography workshop can be to some degree troublesome.

Portray your objective for taking a course

You ought to know why you’re consenting to a photography workshop. As a youngster, your key goal may be to just stop taking cloudy pictures and learn frameworks that improve your yield. If you’ve some association in a particular order of photography, you may plan to enhance your knowledge and fitness, and attempt to fulfill more out of the class. By portraying what you have to acknowledge, you can pick a workshop acclimated to your essentials and skill level more successfully.

Comprehend the distinction between a photograph course and a photograph visit

A photography workshop conveys an immersive instructive affair described by addresses, hands-on preparing, investigates, assignments and photograph audits. It is intended to instruct, guidance and help so you return as a more educated photographer. A photograph visit is a less serious affair concentrating generally on seizing photograph open doors amid your voyages, and does exclude addresses, surveys or studies. You’re fundamentally all alone and it is totally up to you how included or lose you need to be.

 Focus on a photographer who rouses you

The thing is, whether you are keen on a specific classification, you would’ve been enlivened by striking photographers having some expertise in that kind. Picking a workshop instructed by these astounding people would appear like a characteristic course to take. You can take in a huge part from their encounters and bits of knowledge; it’s your opportunity to get into their inventive personalities and attract motivation to get your own particular imaginative juices streaming. Be that as it may, not all moving and understood photographers are the best instructors, which conveys us to our second point.

Pick a commended photographer who can really educate

There is little point in paying for a workshop by a prominent photographer, who tragically, isn’t the best teacher. A decent educator is somebody who has a real enthusiasm for sharing his/her insight with you, discusses straightforwardly with you and doesn’t have a monster estimated inner self! Remember that well known photographers who’re occupied with their own particular work might not have sufficient energy to truly make each session as stupendous as you may trust. Thus, the brilliant thing to do is to make sense of if that photographer who moves you is likewise a decent instructor.

Get some information about their encounters in the workshop(s) you’ve short-recorded. It additionally asks among kindred members who have taken numerous photography courses. Another technique is to approach other workshop teachers for proposals. Educators generally tend to instruct at different courses, so they can all the more effectively answer your particular inquiries.

 

Why Attend a Photography Workshop?

For a man to make up his or her brain to go to photography classes is a major choice in itself. There can be various reasons why one might want to sit and listen to another person clarifying the essentials of photography.

There is a demonstrated equation that works best in each situation. This is known as inspiration. There can be various explanations for a man getting persuaded to learn photography.

– Education

The yearning to learn something can push one forward to take in the aptitudes from somebody unrivaled, with a superior information and experience. There is significantly more to find out about photography consistently and it is just with time and choices like this is it conceivable to take in the new ideas. Time people groups learn distinctive abilities at various phases of life. For instance, another picture taker might be occupied with learning opening settings and profundity of field where as an accomplished photographic artist may hope to work and improve the arrangement of the photo.

– Inspiration

This is something that works in the most bizarre way possible. Any kind of inspiration can bring about a major change in a person and they can do things nobody ever thought of them doing before. As individuals, there comes a point when we reach a plateau and then, to move forward the next level, a push is required to kick-start the journey. Photography classes do just that, by putting like-minded people together giving them the energy to move out of the comfort zone.

– Style

For some individuals, it is all about delivering a statement through their work, which represents their style. Workshops can help them identify what exactly they are looking for. They offer a chance to see developed styles of the mentors as well as other styles which can be identified throughout the course.

– Social

A room full of photographers talking, eating, and breathing only about photography. What more can you ask for. The benefit of visiting such courses and classes is that you get ample of chances to meet like mind people who only love to talk business.

– Portfolio

The biggest motivation that lets you stretch yourself to the extreme is your portfolio. A class will definitely be held in a photogenic place and you will sure take a lot of photographs, improving your level. So, the images will add to your portfolio, expanding the horizon of your creativity.

A few more benefits of the classes that you might feel like attending:

1) Direct contact with the best people in the field

2) Visiting serene locales

3) Learning new techniques of using the camera

4) Surprises in the form of what you see around

5) Coming home happy and content

Great Candid Photoshoot Tips

Taking it to a radical new level, authentic photography has changed the way photos used to be taken at first. DSLR photography is a distinct advantage and it has brought a radical new arrangement of aficionados taking their one shot to acclaim. Real is without a doubt one of the best sorts of photography. These are the photos you take in barely a second. The minute is a valuable one and a postponement of even one second can make you miss that expression you need to catch. It is truly without even batting an eye that you take the shot.

For taking a sincere shot, there are openings all over. You should simply glance around. Taking after are some DSLR photography tips for drawing out the best in your genuine photography:

1) Take the Camera Everywhere

There are a couple of things a few people can’t go out without, which can incorporate their glasses, their wallet or whatever else. For you, it must be your DSLR. Each time and wherever you go, ensure you have your sidekick along. You never know when you will run over something that you need to take a photo of and it would rather be a disgrace on the off chance that you are passing up a major opportunity for the one thing that powers your vision and offers voice to your reasoning.

2) Depict Emotion

Excitement, happiness, sadness, longing; whichever be the emotion, you have to never fall short of capturing it. Look for a store owner who is daydreaming, impatient commuters waiting in queue fir a bus or train, a tender moment for two people, the joy of a child running after a puppy and various other things.

3) Don’t Hesitate

Usually when you see an opportunity for a candid shot, do not think twice before capturing it. It is seldom that you get a second chance to convey the exact same feeling in your shot.

4) Avoid Falling for the Back

People usually get bored looking at candid images covering more and more of people’s backs. Avoid falling for the love of clicking pictures from back.

5) Add a Few Effects

Nothing enhances your images like a few after effects. Add a punch of black and white for more emotion. Try out different software that allow image editing and see what you can come out with.

6) Look Out for Action

Action shots convey a lot. For instance, you can capture a great goal, a touchdown or a cricketer hitting a six. Apart from this maybe you can capture a job gone wrong or any other thing that depics a lot of thrill.

7) When in Doubt, Ask it Out

If you are afraid someone will not like you clicking them, don’t hesitate, just go and ask politely. Usually it is never a problem but you still will be appreciated for making them comfortable.

With digital cameras, photography has witnessed a revolution and given voice to many talented people out there. Different genres depict different characteristics and people’s perspectives.

 

Pet Photography Tips

Getting pictures of pets is extremely troublesome as it is hard to foresee the perspective and exercises of animals. We ought to examine the primary 10 tips for pet photography.

  • To begin with, first unwind! You need to clear your mind from various endeavors and concentrate on your undertaking and doing this basic. Take some full breaths and hang out with your pet to find the sort of pictures you have to click. Remain focused on the present moment as pets routinely finish something astonishing at any minute.
  • Experience the Basics! Before doing whatever else, you can encounter a photography book that gives experiences about pet photography. You’ll get the opportunity to be frustrated soon, in case you haven’t the faintest idea about the fundamentals of getting pets’ photos.
  • The shade speed should be no under 1/250 of a second or quicker. (Examined the manual to understand how to do that) You require new, clean pictures with no signs of clouding. In the event that you’re utilizing an indicate shoot, then essentially put the rate dial on.
  • Locate A Good Background! Huge establishments basically annihilate pet photos than whatever else, beside shocking presentation, so look at it and move your pet to another locale if the establishment has a parking space, a muddled divider or a reject repository.
  • Move In Close! Guarantee that you move in close to make the viewer feel of being in that spot. This will in like manner trim out the foundation issue, which you can’t wipe out.
  • Continuously focus on the eyes! Unless you’ve a steed as a pet, you need to get down adequately low to catch photos of your pet at eye level. In case you’re catching pictures of a feline or puppy, then rests on the floor and use your elbows to get the camera up to your eye.
  • Try To Keep Everything Simple! Concentrate on getting one thing and one thing as it were. In the first place choose, whether you need to catch a photograph of your canine and your room or simply your puppy? Pick! It is commonly hard to catch two contemplations in one photo.
  • Evade Harsh Light! It is safe to say that you are wanting to shoot outside at twelve on a sunny day? Wrong choice! There’s undoubtedly sun catches the absolute most hypnotizing pictures, yet the circumstance is not the same with regards to pet photography. Catch pictures either in the early morning or at night, when the cruelty of the sun lessens. Shady days are additionally viewed as perfect for pet photography.
  • Props Can Be Used! Use props to discover bewildering expressions. Utilize a toy, a shriek or a brilliant shading material. Be readied! Props simply work until the pet gets to be exhausted and depleted, so you have to catch pictures quickly.
  • Have A Good Idea About Flash Range! Keep in mind the glimmer scope of your camera and stay inside the extent to snap pictures that aren’t excessively dim or too brilliant.

Wedding Photography Tips

There are numerous arrangements which are to be done before the big day. Employing a wedding picture taker is a standout amongst the most essential things that you should write in your agenda.

Wedding photography is considered as very unpleasant and high weight type of photography. While distinctive sorts of photography can be all the more hard, in wedding photography the picture taker gets just a solitary opportunity to get the shot right on numerous occasions. The level of value photos has expanded incredibly, so you should be additional watchful while catching photos at a wedding capacity.

Tip #1 – Establish Proper Communication

A noteworthy part of wedding photography is to speak with the couple who are getting married and completely value their necessities. By talking about the prerequisites early it is easier to discover what the couple anticipates from the photographs, furthermore gives the photographer a chance to give direction on what they can offer.

Tip #2 – Visit The Location Where Wedding Will Take Place

To make a better preparation for the big day it’s an excellent idea for the photographer to visit the location where the wedding ceremony and function is scheduled to take place. It can prove to be highly advantageous to visit the location at a similar time in the day when the wedding is scheduled to take place as it will give you the right info and an idea about the lighting.

Taking a few test shots can likewise help you to get a better idea of the photo quality and to locate the best places to take the shots. In the event that there are any more issues, they can be resolved before the big day. There might be some rules related to photography at the venue of the wedding. By visiting the venue in advance, you’ll be able to identify and resolve those issues.

Tip #3 – Create A List Of Pictures To Be Taken

A good list should be made to ensure the wedding photography goes as easily as possible. The list of pictures to be clicked is an extraordinary reference to the ceremony or gathering to avoid forgetting any important shots amid an exceptionally stressful day. This list can be shown to the couple to guarantee that it completely coordinates their particular needs.

Tip #4 – Take Extra Camera & Equipment

It’s a common thing among professional photographers to carry an extra camera and important equipment to make sure that if one of the tool malfunctions then there’s a backup available for it.

Tip #5 – Bring An Assistant With You

If you haven’t done this before, then you would be surprised to see how easy your work become, if you bring an assistant while going on your next wedding photography project. An assistant will handle all the small works, which will make you free to do the main job – capturing photographs.

 

Lens for DSLR Camera

A standout amongst the most imperative favorable circumstances of DSLR cameras (i.e. semi-expert and expert) is the capacity to utilize diverse focal points. However settling on what focal point to purchase and what focal point is appropriate for a particular kind of photography is somewhat troublesome. In this article we find out about points of interest and fundamental motivation behind utilizing particular sorts of focal points, seeking that we make it less demanding after you to choose.

How about we observe distinctive sorts of focal points and realize when they are utilized.

Prime Lenses and Zoom Lenses

A focal point with a settled central length is being known as a prime focal point. This is inverse to zoom focal points which have fluctuating central length. As the central length is altered, keeping in mind the end goal to create a photograph you should conform your separation to the scene to have particular protests or individuals in the photograph. In zoom focal points, you will utilize the zoom level to make the photograph rather out of changing the separation of camera to the scene.

Prime lenses have a more simple build than zoom lenses and they can be designed to have very much better performance, sharpness and quality than zoom lenses. Zoom lenses normally show different types of errors in different focal lengths while prime lenses have the least amount of such errors. Prime lenses are very compact and much smaller than zoom lenses. Their price is also cheaper than zoom lenses in an equal aperture size. You can buy a 50mm f/1.8 lens for a Canon or Nikon camera for around $100 while a zoom lens with the same aperture size might cost above $1000.

Aperture Size

Bigger aperture sizes (i.e. smaller f number) like f/1.4, f/1.8 and f/2 provide more light to the camera sensor and therefore are faster lenses (photo can be taken in a faster shutter time). However zoom lenses with bigger aperture size might be unbelievably expensive. F number is calculated by dividing the focal length to the aperture diameter. As an example if the aperture size (i.e. diaphragm window) of 50mm lens is set to 6.25mm the f number will be 50mm/6.25mm=8 meaning that with this aperture size, lens has been set to f/8.

Normal Prime Lens

A prime lens (i.e. with a fixed focal point) with a focal length of 50mm is called a normal lens. Photos taken with a 50mm lens seem similar to what our eyes see at the scene (perspective, angles etc). Canon, Nikon and some other DSLR brands, as mentioned in previous section, sell normal lenses with f/1.8 aperture size or better (like f/1.4) with a cheap price. An f/1.8 normal lens is suitable for relatively low light conditions and produces sharp and bright photos.

Short Zoom lenses

Zoom lenses which cover the range of up to 50-60mm can be considered in this category. Examples of these lenses are 35-70mm f/3.4-4.5 and 28-70mm f/3.5-4.5 lenses. Nowadays some Canon and Nikon models are offered with a cheap 18-55mm f/3.5-4.5 lens. These lenses can be considered short zoom lenses while they also cover wide and super wide range.

Super zoom lenses

These are the types which cover a super big range. Super zoom lenses like a 18-200mm lens cover wide-angle as well as tele-focal lengths.

However the most important feature of these lenses is their convenience of avoiding lens change. These lenses can offer almost every focal length you need and therefore they are sometimes being called as “walk around lenses”. If convenience is not a matter for you, we recommend you to use more than one lens which have a better performance in a smaller focal length range.

Wide-angle and Ultra Wide-angle lenses

Lenses with a focal length of 21mm to 35mm are normally called wide-angle lenses. Lenses with a focal length of less than 21mm are called ultra wide-angle lenses. These lenses can be either prime lenses or varying focal length ones (zoom lenses). Wide-angle prime lenses have better aperture sizes (in the range of f/1.4 to f2.8) than wide-angle zoom lenses (aperture sizes of f/3.5-f/4.5 most of the time). Again the zoom types provide flexibility while prime lenses provide sharper photos, cheaper price and bigger aperture size (i.e. better photos in low light conditions). There are also zoom lenses which just cover wide and super wide ranges. These include 21-35mm, 18-28mm lenses.

The large coverage angle is also one of the benefits of wide and super wide lenses. An ultra wide lens can sometimes capture up to a 90 degrees angle or even more.

Wide and ultra wide lenses normally have perspective distortion. This kind of distortion causes the nearby images to be photographed very much bigger than far away objects. These lenses are suitable for taking photos inside buildings, street photography and so on.

If you mostly shoot inside buildings, a lens covering focal lengths of 28mm or below will be suitable. This kind of lens allows you to capture a considerable angle of a scene without the need to have a big distance with the subject(s). However, if you shoot portraits and nature a longer range lens will be more useful. In these cases a 35-135mm lens is very good.

Long telephoto lenses

Lenses with a focal length of 135mm or above are normally considered as long telephoto lenses. Tele lenses which have varying focal length are called telephoto zoom lenses while those with a fixed focal length are simply called telephoto lenses. You can easily find 55-200mm, 55-250mm, 70-300mm, and similar telephoto zoom lenses for most of the DSLR brands. However because of the big range of the lens and complicated design, different focal lengths of the lenses might show different errors and quality. These lenses normally have a lower performance than short zoom lenses and fixed focal length telephoto lenses. A 200mm telephoto prime lens is an example of non-zoom telephoto lenses.

Medium telephoto lenses

Lenses with focal length of the range 85-135mm are sometimes referred as portrait lenses. This is because their perspective distortion is low and a suitable distance between the subject person and camera can be maintained. Many telephoto zoom lenses can be used in this range, but they are heavier, bigger and their maximum aperture size is smaller than prime lenses. However if you shoot a lot of portraits, you would rather use medium prime telephoto lenses like with a focal length of between 85mm and 105mm maximum aperture size of f/2. Prime medium telephoto lenses have less perspective error and as mentioned earlier their image quality is sharper and brighter and bigger aperture size prime lenses are cheaper than zoom lenses with the same maximum aperture size.

Macro Lenses

Macro lenses are designed to provide very high level of magnification and also very short focusing distances. In normal zoom lenses minimum focus distance (i.e. the distance between lens and the object) is normally larger than 30 cm. This distance is a few centimeters for macro lenses so you can take photos from a shorter distance and have a sharp and very detailed photo of a very small object (like a small flower or a bee).